Dr. Roubideaux is a physician, health services researcher, and public health advocate. She is an enrolled member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe and is descended from the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe. She previously served as the Director of the Policy Research Center at the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) where she conducted and translated policy research and data to improve outcomes for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) Tribal Nations. Her work at NCAI included the quality of census data, Native vote data, data disaggregation, COVID-19 data trends, research on diabetes in AI/ANs, and education on tribal governance of research and strengthening tribal-academic research partnerships. She served in the Obama Administration as a Senior Advisor to the HHS Secretary for American Indians and Alaska Natives and as the Director of the Indian Health Service (IHS).