Research in Progress

Our research group uses multi-disciplinary approaches to understand the ways in which infectious diseases spread and how social and environmental conditions—from climate change to urbanization—impact infectious diseases. We focus on both emerging infectious disease threats and infectious diseases on the edge of elimination. We use multi-disciplinary approaches including field-based surveillance, next generation genomic sequencing, and biostatistical analysis methods to identify vulnerable populations and improve disease surveillance. Current research focuses on understanding barriers to elimination in residual hotspots of schistosomiasis in China, evaluating the impact of climate change on water-borne diseases, and improving surveillance and modeling tools for COVID-19 in Colorado and beyond. 

 

The Carlton Research Group is committed to increasing diversity in science and is invested in the full participation of historically under-represented groups in public health research and practice. We are a multi-disciplinary group including masters and doctoral students, and postdoctoral fellows. We strive to provide an engaging, collaborative work environment. 

 

 

Current projects


Three images with one of scientists and two of farmers in China

Reemergence and persistence of schistosomiasis in China

China has achieved remarkable progress in the control of schistosomiasis, a water-borne pathogen that causes liver fibrosis, anemia and can impair child growth and development. However, schistosomiasis has reemerged and persists in some areas, despite aggressive disease control efforts. We are working with collaborators at the Sichuan Center for Disease Control and Prevention in order to understand why these pockets of transmission persist. In our research over the last several years, we have demonstrated that infections tend to be concentrated in a limited number of individuals, and have developed an efficient method for sequencing large numbers of loci from field-collected S. japonicum miracidia. We have also found that the agricultural practice of using human and animal waste as an agricultural fertilizer (often called night soil), may facilitate transmission in human populations, as well as transmission in bovine populations. Our team has also recently employed remote sensing and geospatial analytical tools to evaluate best-practice schistosomiasis surveillance efforts within low-transmission environments. We evaluated the role of travel in schistosomiasis exposure and infection risk (in our study villages where some people regularly travel to cities, we found more travel was associated with reduced water contact and infection risk). Current efforts are underway to understand the roles of parasite import and export along social and hydrological gradients as sources of infection in residual transmission hotspots.

Coronavirus illustration by the CDC

COVID-19 surveillance and modeling 

At the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, our group became a core part of the COVID-19 Modeling Group. This team used modeling, data analysis, and rapid evidence synthesis to inform state and local officials in Colorado about the current state and possible future trajectories of the pandemic. In 2022, with funding from the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE), our team expanded its focus to developing modeling tools and data visualizations to meet the needs of public health leaders in the Rocky Mountain West (RMW), comprising Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. We launched Rocky Mountain COVID Data, an up-to-date platform for COVID-19 planning and response in the RMW. The website provides interactive COVID-19 data visualizations and summaries of emerging topics. This website was developed following interviews with public health officials across the RMW region to assess their needs during a transitional period in the pandemic response. Our current work includes efforts to improve surveillance and modeling tools for pandemic pathogens, estimate the impact of climate on respiratory pathogens, and to improve our understanding of how epidemics spread between urban, rural, and resort communities.

Three photos of wells

Impacts of climate change on water-borne disease

There is strong evidence that climate impacts the distribution of water-borne diseases. The causal pathways are complex, and health impacts of climate change depend not only on meteorological exposures but other underlying vulnerabilities. We are interested in improving our understanding of these casual pathways so that we can identify locations and time windows of elevated risk and ultimately, design design interventions and early warning systems to reduce the burden of water-born diseases in a changing climate. Our early work in this area includes a systematic review, a meta-analysis, and a proposed framework to characterize the relationships between climate drivers, including temperature, heavy rainfall, flooding, and drought, and their relationship with infectious diarrhea. More recently, our work has included a study estimating the impact of weather on the use of safe and unsafe drinking water in countries in Asia and Africa; and a study of the impact of precipitation and temperature on giardia and cryptosporidiosis in Colorado.

Colorado School of Public Health

CU Anschutz

Fitzsimons Building

13001 East 17th Place

3rd Floor

Mail Stop B119

Aurora, CO 80045


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